PHP Booleans

 

A Boolean value is one that is in either of two states. They are known as True or False values, in programming. True is usually given a value of 1, and False is given a value of zero. You set them up just like other variables:

$true_value = 1;
$false_value = 0;

You can replace the 1 and 0 with the words "true" and "false" (without the quotes). But a note of caution, if you do. Try this script out, and see what happens:

You can replace the 1 and 0 with the words "true" and "false" (without the quotes). But a note of caution, if you do. Try this script out, and see what happens:

<?php

$true_value = true;
$false_value = false;

print ("true_value = " . $true_value);
print (" false_value = " . $false_value);

?>

What you should find is that the true_value will print "1", but the false_value won't print anything! Now replace true with 1 and false with 0, in the script above, and see what prints out.

Boolean values are very common in programming, and you often see this type of coding:

$true_value = true;

if ($true_value) {

print("that's true");

}

This is a shorthand way of saying "if $true_value holds a Boolean value of 1 then the statement is true". This is the same as:

if ($true_value == 1) {

print("that's true");

}

The NOT operand is also used a lot with this kind of if statement:

$true_value = true;

if (!$true_value) {

print("that's true");

}
else {

print("that's not true");

}

You'll probably meet Boolean values a lot, during your programming life. It's worth getting the hang of them!