The View Images menu Item

This tutorial is part of an ongoing lesson. Click here if you haven't yet created a menu.

Download the images you need for this tutorial

 

It's easy to add an image to your form with VB.Net. To insert an image, locate the PictureBox control in the toolbox (under Common Controls). Either double click the control, or hold down your mouse on the form and draw one out. You should see something like this:

The Picture Box control

Change the Height and Width properties of the Picture Box to 100, 100. (You can change both from the Size property.) You'll have a small square. To make it stand out more, locate the BorderStyle property. Change the value to Fixed3D. Your Picture Box will then look like this:

A fixed3d picture box

To add a picture at design time, locate the Image property in the properties box:

The Image property of the Picture Box

Download and unzip the image at the top of the page. Then click the button with the three dots on it. A dialogue box appears. Locate an image. Select it, and then click Open in the dialogue box. The image will appear in your Picture Box:

An image in a picture box

If you select an image that is too big for the picture box, only part if it will be visible. The Picture Box control does not resize your image.

You can, however, set another property of the picture box - the SizeMode property. Set this to AutoSize and your picture box will resize to the size of your image.

 

 

Insert an Image with your View Menu

You can use your open file dialogue box again to specify an image for the user to select. We'll do this from the View Images menu item.

Highlight you code for the mnuOpen item. (If you haven't yet coded for the File > Open menu item, click here.) Copy the first five lines, these lines:

Dim strFileName As String

openFD.InitialDirectory = "C:\"

openFD.Title = "Open an Text File"
openFD.Filter = "Text Files|*.txt"
Dim DidWork As Integer = openFD.ShowDialog()

Paste them to your mnuViewImages menu item code. Change the Title property to this:

openFD.Title = "Open an Image"

And change the Filter property to this:

openFD.Filter = "jpegs|*.jpg|gifs|*.gif|Bitmaps|*.bmp"

Run your code and click your View Images menu item. You should see the Open dialogue box appear. If you look at the "Files of type" box, you should see this:

image types in Windows 7

You should now be able to see only the three image formats we've specified.

To insert an image into your Picture Box, some new code is needed. Again though, we'll wrap it up in an If Statement.

Add the following code below the lines you've just added:

If DidWork <> DialogResult.Cancel Then

strFileName = openFD.FileName
PictureBox1.Image = Image.FromFile(strFileName)
openFD.Reset()

End If

There's only two lines you haven't met yet. The first is this line:

PictureBox1.Image = Image.FromFile(strFileName)

Previously, you were loading the image into the Image property of PictureBox1 directly from the Properties Box (by clicking the grey button with the three dots in it). Here, we're loading an image into the Image property using code. The way you do it is with the FromFile method of the Image Class.

Although that might be a bit baffling at this stage of your programming career, all it means is that there is some in-built code that allows you to load images from a file. In between round brackets, you type the name and path of the file you're trying to load. Since our file name has been placed inside of the strFileName variable, we can just use this. You can then assign this to the Image property of a Picture Box.

The last line, openFD.Reset(), will reset the initial directory of the open file dialogue box. To see what this does, comment out the line (put a single quote at the start of the line). Run your programme and Click View > View Images. Insert an image and then click File > Open. You'll notice that the files displayed in your dialogue are from the last directory you opened, rather than the one you set with "InitialDirectory = "C:\". By resetting the open dialogue box control, you're fixing this problem.

 

OK, that concludes our look at menus. We'll create a new programme now, and explore checkboxes, radio buttons and Group Boxes